5 Apr 2012

Cuban Missile Crisis

Author: Mrs. Carpenter | Filed under: Social Studies 2011-2012

1. “What events led up to the Cuban Missile Crisis?” (4th hour’s contribution)

2. “Why was the Cuban Missile Crisis such a big deal to the U.S.?” (3rd hour’s contribution)

[You may answer one of the questions or both of them. It is your choice. When you answer this question, use as much specific information as you can.  Actual names, dates and places is essential in a well written blog or blog comment.]

134 Responses to “Cuban Missile Crisis”

  1. Lorenz-4 Says:

    What led up to the Cuban missile was that President Batista was the first communist president. Fidel Castro was trying to over throw the government, but he failed to as the United States had still given support to President Batista’s army. After some videos that Fidel Castro showed everyone it convinced the US enough to pull their help and put sanctions on Cuba. They didn’t allow weapon exports and pulled their military help from there. After that Batista’s army was unsupported and weak. Fidel’s army then walked into the capital of Cuba and took full power of the government. This led to the Cold war as Fidel built strong ties with the USSR. The Russians were giving support and direct weapon shipments. Then we were all afraid that we would all die from a nuclear holocaust since we were dealing with Russians, and Cubans.

    • Isabelle - 3 Says:

      I love how much information you put! It really helps me understand the topic. Did you know that Fidel took over Cuba by force? He then remained as dictator for five decades.

  2. Hannah- 4 Says:

    The Cuban Missile Crisis was a big deal to the U.S. because the U.S.S.R. decided to point the missiles towards us. If the missiles would have been launched the U.S. probably wouldn’t be here.

    • 2 - Mikaelaaa . ;D Says:

      Was this considered a war..? And do you know the year?

    • Isabelle -3 Says:

      I like the information that you provided! I’m just curious as to why the Cuban Missile Crisis was such a big deal to the U.S. Any ideas?

      • Mrs. Carpenter Says:

        Izzy, I’m impressed with how you stated your question. Nice wording!

      • Savvie-3 Says:

        Isabelle, the Cuban Missile Crisis was such a big deal because Cuba was only 90 miles away from Florida and we found out about it because pictures were taken from a US spy plane. So, it was a great shock to us that they were pointing missiles at us, and it made us angry because they were doing this with the Soviets.

        • 2-Georen Says:

          Great information, but do you know where they were going to release the missile? The U.S.S.R was too far away to launch it from there. Also, do you know who the president was at the time and what he decided to do to keep the missile away from the U.S?

        • Isabelle - 3 Says:

          Thank you for answering that, Savannah! I understand why it was so important now.

  3. Cassie-4 Says:

    The Cuban Missile Crisis was provoked by the Soviet construction of missile bases in Cuba, but before that, there were several earlier conflicts that almost lead to a nuclear conflict.

  4. Shenaih - 3 Says:

    The Cold War was between the Soviet Union (USSR) This was not a military war, It was Political. The Arms race was held in the 1960’s and by the end of the war, both countries had weapons powerful enough to destroy not only each other, but the whole world.

    • Savvie-3 Says:

      Shenaih, I love the information you gave but what was the Arms race? Can you be a little more specific?

    • Hannah-4 Says:

      I like how you stated your information, but you forgot that the Cold War was between the Soviet Union ( U.S.S.R. ) and the United States ( U.S. )

  5. Angelica- 6 Says:

    “Why was the Cuban Missile Crisis such a big deal to the U.S.?”

    The Cuban Missile Crisis was a big deal to the U.S. because the missile was aimed at the U.S. so therefore that made the U.S. feel threatened.

  6. Brian-2 Says:

    “Why was the Cuban Missile Crisis such a big deal to the U.S.?”
    It was a big deal because it could have started world war 3 because both the U.S. and Syria had nuclear missiles pointed at each other.

  7. Haylee-3 Says:

    The Cuban Missile Crisis was a big deal to the U.S. because the Soviet Union had put missiles in Cuba facing us. People thought it could have turned into WW3.

  8. Alex- 2 Says:

    “Why was the Cuban Missile Crisis such a big deal to the U.S.?”
    It was a big deal because missiles were aimed right at the U.S. so the U.S. was very nervous.

    • Brian-2 Says:

      Alex, What year did the Cuban Missile Crisis start and end how long was it?

    • Mckenna-6 Says:

      Was this considered a war?

      • Sabrina - 2 Says:

        Mckenna, to answer your question, the Cuban Missile Crisis was not an actual war itself. It was part of the Cold War.

      • Erika-3 Says:

        It was not considered a war because the Missiles were never actually launched, however it was the closest the world ever got to a nuclear war.

    • Justin Crespo 2 Says:

      That was really good information Alex! And here is some other information about the missiles . The missiles weren’t aimed in our direction, but the thought that they could reach us was really scary to the U.S at the time. The whole reason that Russia put missiles in Cuba was because we had some in Israel actually pointing at them in Russia. So, we really couldn’t blame them for doing the same to us.

  9. Ben-3 Says:

    The Cuban Missile Crisis was a big deal to the U.S. because the Soviets had a base on Cuba, and they were pointing nuclear weapons at the U.S. This frightened us since a war between the the U.S. and the USSR would have resulted in a nuclear holocaust and most likely, the extinction of the Human race.

    • Billy-3 Says:

      Ben do you really think it would have ended the human race.

      • Ben-3 Says:

        Billy, yes because if the U.S. and the USSR went to war, they would use their WMD’s, like the Hydrogen and Atomic bomb. Imagine how much death and destruction this would cause. They would most likely drag other countries into the conflict, with no victor because of all the destruction caused by the weapons.

  10. Billy-3 Says:

    U.S.S.R had missle pointed at the U.S. in Cuba

  11. Erika-3 Says:

    The Cuban Missile Crisis was the closest the world ever came to nuclear war. The United States armed forces were ready, and Soviet field commanders in Cuba were prepared to use battlefield nuclear weapons to defend the island if it was invaded.

    • Ashlee-4 Says:

      Erika, you do a great job with explaining.

      Why did it come to this point were Cuba had pointed missiles at us?
      How was it the closest the world has ever came to a nuclear war?

    • Brandi - 4 Says:

      You had good information. The reason why it was the closest we came to war, is because we were trying to race each other and having a war with words. This time, we were actually getting threatened with missiles.

    • Fernando 3 Says:

      Why did they want to invade Cuba?

  12. Tyler M.-4 Says:

    The Cuban Missile Crisis such a big deal to the U.S because it was the closest the world ever came to nuclear war. It was resolved , because the Americans withdrew their missiles from Turkey and the Russians turned back the ships carrying the missiles to Cuba, and dismantled the missile sites.

    • Lorenz-4 Says:

      This topic really intrigues me. The way you worded it was very clear and descriptive. If I could just ask a question about who were the big players in this stalemate. What year did it happen? How did Fidel build ties with the USSR? Other than those foggy places I’d say this is a clear, and descriptive post that gets right to the point.

      • Tyler M.-4 Says:

        The Cuban missile crisis happened in 1962. In 1960, Castro made a trade agreement with Russia, where Cuba sent sugar to Russia, in return for oil, machines and money. Some big players at the time were, John F Kennedy (US President), Dean Rusk (Secretary of State), Dean Acheson, retired (Secretary of State) and many more. Thank you also for the compliments.

  13. Brandi - 4 Says:

    One event that led up to the Cuban Missile Crisis was the creation of the H-Bomb. H-Bomb is short for Hydrogen Bomb. It was made after the A-Bomb, or Atomic Bomb. The H-Bomb’s explosion is 1,000 times bigger than the A-Bomb’s. The United States successfully tested the H-Bomb in 1953. The Soviet Union had to be as good as us, so they made theirs in 1955 (2 years later). After that the race was on to create the biggest and best weapons first.

    • Lorenz-4 Says:

      The post was really clear, but one place that I don’t quite understand is how much more damage did the Hydrogen bomb do compared to Atom bomb? I thought the Atom bomb would be deadlier compared to the Hydrogen bomb because of how it leaked out radiation. If you could please reply to my comment and clarify this it would be greatly appreciated.

  14. Jackie-4 Says:

    One of the main events that lead up the Cuban Missile crisis was on December 19 1960 Cuba became partners with the Soviet Union and their policies thats why the Soviet Union was able to put the missile in Cuba and face it at the U.S.

  15. Carolina - 4 Says:

    “Why was the Cuban Missile Crisis such a big deal to the U.S.?”
    Because American spy lines discovered what appeared to be missile installations on the ground in Cuba.President Kennedy ordered a naval blockade of the island, demanding the Russians remove the missiles.

    • Tyler M.-4 Says:

      Carolina, you have amazing information and details, but another reason why this was so important is because it was the closest the world ever came to nuclear war.

    • Cheeelsie. -4 Says:

      You have mentioned an important key role that happened to be the climax of the Cold War.

      What also led up to the Cold War was the joint custody of Germany. That had caused a lot of tension between U.S.S.R and U.S. After the Soviets backed down, they decided to secretly install the missiles into Cuba. Maybe it was to scare the U.S. or maybe they were actually going to do it. We may never know.

    • Crystal-4 Says:

      Great job, Carolina. Also, the secret missile installation bases were from the Soviet Union planning to launch them towards the U.S. The blockade was ordered on October 22, 1962 by President John F. Kennedy. Blockade- meaning that Russia couldn’t bring or make any more missiles or materials on the island.

  16. Crystal-4 Says:

    On October 22 1962 after learning that the Soviet Union was building secret missile bases in Cuba and aiming them at the U.S., President John F. Kennedy informed the world about it and ordered a naval blockade of Cuba so Russian couldn’t bring any more missiles or construct materials on island of Cuba.

  17. Ashlee-4 Says:

    The Cuban Missile Crisis was the closest the world has ever came to a nuclear war. The US armed forces were at their highest state of readiness and Soviet field commanders in Cuba were prepared to use battlefield and nuclear weapons to defend the island if it was invaded.

    Fidel Castro was looking for a way to defend his island nation from an attack by the U.S. ever since the failed Bay of Pigs invasion in 1961, The Bay of Pigs Invasion was a unsuccessful attempt by United States that backed Cuban exiles to overthrow the government of the Cuban dictator Fidel Castro.

  18. Jase-4 Says:

    The U.S. offered not to invade Cuba in exchange, Cube took the missiles down.

    • Crystal-4 Says:

      Why did Cuba decide to take the missiles down????.??

    • Carolina - 4 Says:

      In 1962, the Soviet Union was behind the United States in the arms race. Soviet missiles were only powerful enough to be launched against Europe, but U.S. missiles were capable of hitting the entire Soviet Union. In late April 1962, Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev thought the idea of placing missiles in Cuba.

    • Jamie-4 Says:

      This is good information. There was definitely an end to the Cuban Missile Crisis. No one else talked about the end. Can you give more information on why the Cubans took down the missiles? Or When did the Cubans take down the missiles?

  19. Conner6 Says:

    All the tensions that had grown up between Russia’s assertive ‘peaceful competition’ and Kennedy’s promise to be tough on Russia.

    • Ivaaaan - 3 Says:

      Great job Conner, you’re the only one who has mentioned anything about ‘peaceful competition’, however, your entry isn’t a complete thought, maybe it could have looked like this: Tensions between Russia’s assertive (peaceful competition), and Kennedy’s promise to be tough on Russia, had increased immensely. It increased mostly because of events such as the Space Race, where US and Russia were trying to be the first into space; the Construction of the Berlin Wall, which was built because Berlin had divided itself into West and East Berlin, and the communists wanted West Berlin isolated from East Berlin.

      Just a note from Mrs. Carpenter: I was looking over Ivan’s shoulder while he was working on your blog entry and noticed that the information you put in your entry was copied word for word from a site he was looking at. Be careful!

    • Erika-3 Says:

      Can you please give more information on what the Peaceful Competition was?

  20. Juan- 6 Says:

    Something that was set up between the US and USSR right after the CMC was a direct phone line from the White House to the Kremlin. One of the biggest problems during the CMC was the inability for the two powers to communicate. This created confusion and misinterpretation between the two countries. The phone made sure that any misunderstanding would be addressed.

  21. Byran-6 Says:

    The Cuban Missile Crisis was such a big deal because the USSR had missiles trained onto us only a hundred miles away and we were fighting back and forth they wanted us to lift our quarantine and we would only do that if they got rid of the missiles.

  22. Noah- 2 Says:

    The Cuban Missile Crisis was a big deal to the U.S. because the U.S.S.R. decided to point the missiles towards us. If the missiles would have been launched the U.S. probably wouldn’t be here.

  23. Mikaelaaa- 2 Says:

    The Cuban Missile Crisis was the closest the world ever came to nuclear war. The United States armed forces were at their highest state of readiness ever and Soviet field commanders in Cuba were prepared to use battlefield nuclear weapons to defend the island if it was invaded. Luckily, thanks to the bravery of two men, President John F. Kennedy and Premier Nikita Khrushchev, war was averted.

    • Savvie-3 Says:

      This is great information but don’t forget that teachers have told us to be careful about plagiarism.

    • Brooklyn-6 Says:

      What were they going to do to defend the island if it was invaded?

      • Blake-6 Says:

        They were probably going to use the missiles and launch them at the US if the island was invaded. Then a nuclear war would have most likely started between Russia and the US.

      • Mikaela - 2 Says:

        Well , Brooklyn , They most likely would have opened their fire on the U.S. (:

  24. Chris-2 Says:

    “Why was the Cuban Missile Crisis such a big deal to the U.S.?”
    The Cuban Missile Crisis was a big deal because they had missiles aimed at the U.S. It could have started World War 3.

  25. JUSTIN 2 Says:

    the missile crisis in Cuba was a reaction from the Russians because of the missiles we put in Isareal . The reason why we were so scared of the missiles because it took less than 10 minutes to reach Washington.DC. So the president decide to make agreement to take out the missiles in Isareal for the ones in Cuba,but just in case he blocked off Cuba anyway before the agreement . These missiles were nuclear . That was the greats tension during the cold war .

  26. Lance L Says:

    The reason why the Cuban missile crisis was such a big deal was that the U.S.S.R. and the United States both had enough atomic and nuclear weapons to completely destroy each others country. Cuba was close enough to launch this attack on us and the U.S.S.R. had built missile launch bases on Cuba so if they had to they could attack us.

  27. Ivaaaan - 3 Says:

    The Cuban Missie crisis was a huge deal to the U.S.A because they had multiple countries aiming nuclear missiles at them. Also, Russia, one of the countries, had launched something into space. U.S had not idea what it was and they feared it could start a nuclear war.

  28. Gabe-3 Says:

    The Cuban Missile Crisis was so important to the United States because the Soviet Union(also known as the U.S.S.R.) had a missile pointed right at the United States and the United States had Missiles pointed at the U.S.S.R. It was the closest the world ever seen to A WW 3.

  29. Alexis - 3 Says:

    I would assume because Cuba is only 90 miles away from Florida. I guess people were afraid about Cuba because they were closer. The people of the United States of America thought this situation was going to turn into world war 3!

  30. David-4 Says:

    “Why was the Cuban Missile Crisis such a big deal to the U.S.?”
    It was a very big deal to the U.S. because Cuba was only 90 miles away from the U.S. They were aiming missiles right at us and the missiles could hit the U.S. within minutes, and it terrified the U.S.

  31. Brandi - 4 Says:

    I forgot to say it before. Amazing post!!!

  32. Serenity-6 Says:

    During the arms race, the Soviet Union was behind the United States, quite a bit. The missiles the Soviet Union wanted to launch, were only powerful enough to launch at Europe, and if they did that the United States would get involved and their missiles could have taken out the entire Soviet Union.

  33. Sergio - 6 Says:

    It was a big deal because the situation was very tense. Nobody knew if Russia was going to back off or attack the U.S.directly. President John F. Kennedy exchanged numerous letters with Russian Premier Nikita Khrushchev. They finally reached an agreement and removed the missiles from Cuba.

    • Cheeelsie. -4 Says:

      What exactly was the situation?

    • Bryan -6 Says:

      This is really good. Also, Cuba wanted us to lift a quarantine we had placed on them; so, when we came to an agreement, they removed the missiles. In response, we then removed our quarantine.

  34. Yasmin-6 Says:

    A Soviet Foreign Minister had warned that an American attack on Cuba could mean war with the Soviet Union. Also Castro had been the leader of Cuba since his overthrow of Batista in 1959.

    • Serenity-6 Says:

      Very good Yasmine, but you could have added more information. For example: The Soviet Union had threatened Cuba with an attack of missiles, although it was nothing more than that, a threat.

  35. Chelsie-4 Says:

    The defeat of Germany, after WWII, led to the joint sharing of Germany. The U.S.S.R had custody of the East, while the U.S. had custody of the West. The capital of Germany, Berlin, was also split in half. Having it surrounded by Communism due to the fact the capital was in the Communist territory, the Soviets cut off supplies to the West side of Berlin. This was led on for almost an entire year! The Soviets backed down and built a wall separating their side of the capital from the U.S. side. This then led on to the Cuban Missile Crisis because of the tension between the two nations.

    • Ivan-2 Says:

      I understand why it was cut in half. What was the reason it was cut into half?

    • Ivaaaan - 3 Says:

      This is excellent information Chelsie. Do you know why and how Cuba got involved in this event in the first place?

    • Juaan - 6 Says:

      Chelsie, this is really useful information, but you forgot to add the part where Khrushchev applied pressure on Berlin adding the wall to West Berlin. In response, the Kennedy Administration felt the need to reveal to Khrushchev that there was no missile gap. Khrushchev knew the U.S had more missiles. Khrushchev knew the missiles were powerful enough to get launched against Europe but the U.S missiles were capable of striking the entire Soviet Union.

  36. Lexi-6 Says:

    This was the closest that the world got to nuclear war. It stayed like that for 13 days in October 1962.Then President John F. Kennedy helped fix the problem.

    • McKenna - 6 Says:

      This was a good comment, and the president helped fix the problem by giving a speech. By doing this he gained the trust of Americans.

    • Ashlee-4 Says:

      Good information. But also, the crisis began on October 15, and Premier Nikita Khrushchev was a part of fixing the problem working with John F. Kennedy.

  37. Isabelle - 3 Says:

    The Cuban Missile Crisis was the first major showdown of the Cold War. While the Bay of Pigs Invasion was a major issue, it was more of a complete failure, not an international suspense, but it does play a major role in the missile crisis. In the Cuban Missile Crisis, it was JFK’s extreme calm, under unbelievable pressure, that allowed his power to go up.

  38. 3-Justin B. Says:

    The Cuban missile Crisis was about how Russians had missiles pointed at the U.S. and could have used them at any moment. The U.S. Was terrified. All the kids at school had to do Duck and Cover drills where they would hide under their desks and cover their neck so they would not get injured from the rubble.

  39. Savvie-3 Says:

    The Cuban Missile Crisis was such a big deal because missiles were aimed right at the U.S., even though the missiles weren’t fired, the U.S. was still very nervous about them being launched and what they should do about it.

  40. Fernando 3 Says:

    In the fall of 1962, the United States and the Soviet Union came as close as they ever would to global nuclear war.

  41. Brooklyn-6 Says:

    In 1962, the Soviet Union was behind the United States in the arms race. Soviet missiles were only powerful enough to be launched against Europe but U.S. missiles were capable of striking the entire Soviet Union.

  42. Mckenna-6 Says:

    On October 22, 1962, President John F. Kennedy told the world that the Soviet Union was building secret missiles in Cuba.

  43. Blake-6 Says:

    The Cuban Missile Crisis was so important to the US because they were a threat to the US, and they were only located 90 miles away. If the missiles were launched, the US would be devastated, and a nuclear war would have most likely started.

  44. Amber- 6 Says:

    The Cuban Missile Crisis was the closest the world ever came to a nuclear war. Cuba aimed missile’s to points all over the US, but they were never launched. But many people were terrified because they never knew when one of those missile’s would blow up their whole town.

  45. Blake-6 Says:

    Good info. What did the US do to stop Cuba from launching the missiles?

  46. Arlae-2 Says:

    The Cuban Missile crisis was the crisis-point of the Cold War. It was the time when the world came nearest to annihilating itself.

  47. Gaby-2 Says:

    October 1962, a U-2 spy plane photographed nuclear missile sites being built by the Soviet Union in Cuba. President Kennedy wanted to keep this a secret.

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